India’s first indigenous 5G testbed to be set up in Pune


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India’s First Indigenous 5G Testbed To Be Set Up In Pune




The nation’s first 5G testbed was launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Tuesday, allowing businesses and startups to test and certify their products locally and decrease the reliance on out-of-country facilities. The testbed’s setup cost approximately Rs 220 crore.



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The Prime Minister said the 5G testbed is a crucial step for independence in the direction of vital and contemporary technologies while speaking at the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India’s (Trai) silver jubilee celebrations.

About  India’s first indigenous 5G testbed to be set up in Pune

According to Modi, corporations, academia, and students should use the testing facility to create 5G technology. The 5G testbed was built as a result of a multi-institutional collaboration effort between eight institutions, led by IIT Madras.

Due to the lack of a testbed, startups and industry participants must test and certify products outside of 5G networks. The telecom department’s assistance for the national 5G testbed project calls for completion by December 31, 2021.

The Department of Telecom (DoT)-funded indigenous 5G testbed project has reached its final stages, according to information about the 5G testbed. IIT Bombay, IIT Delhi, IIT Hyderabad, IIT Madras, IIT Kanpur, IISC Bangalore, SAMEER, and CEWiT are the eight implementing agencies that have been working for 36 months.

The domestic 5G testbed, a technology development project started in the telecom industry, will enable the creation, testing, and spread of 5G technology system components and cross-sector use cases in addition to laying the groundwork for the nation’s “6G Technology landscape.”

India’s services and manufacturing ecosystem must be prepared for 6G opportunities, according to the 6G TIG, which includes government, academic, business, and TSDSI representatives.

Key factors  India’s first indigenous 5G testbed to be set up in Pune

Name of the topic  India’s first indigenous 5G testbed to be set up in Pune
Project Initiated by Central government 
Who are the eight implementing agencies IIT Bombay, IIT Delhi, IIT Hyderabad, IIT Madras, IIT Kanpur, IISC Bangalore, SAMEER, and CEWiT
Estimated cost Approx. 220 crore

Key points of  India’s first indigenous 5G testbed to be set up in Pune


Testbed:-  A testbed is a piece of machinery or equipment used to test new products. any tool, location, or method for testing something that is in development. 


Describe a 5G testbed

5G wireless innovations have been developed in controlled environments since the 1990s. It uses cloud-based computing, decentralized processing, and a wider range of radio frequencies, supporting new services and applications. Engineers evaluate machine-to-machine 5G communication in testbeds to simulate actual applications before commercial rollout.

5G: The upcoming technology

5G uses multiple antenna types, operates on diverse frequencies, connects more devices, reduces lag, and offers high speeds.

Notably, one of the key distinctions between 5G and 4G is the usage of certain radio frequencies by 5G to accomplish what 4G networks cannot.

13 Indian cities will have access to 5G services by 2022, according to the Department of Telecom (DoT). Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai, Gurugram, Chandigarh, Bangalore, Ahmadabad, Jamnagar, Hyderabad, Pune, Lucknow, and Gandhinagar are among these states.

5G advantages


High speed

5G offers faster download speeds on mobile devices, enabling quick content downloads and enhanced web conferencing for organizations. Customers can access content in under 23 hours per day.

Little latency 

5G offers lower latency, enabling applications like AI, IoT, and virtual reality. It simplifies web browsing and access to the internet, with up to 100 times more capacity than 4G. It enables businesses to transition between cellular and Wi-Fi wireless solutions, improving performance and internet access.

Greater bandwidth 

The higher bandwidth provided by 5G is one of its main advantages because it will speed up data transport. Mobile phone users can also receive a quicker connection with more bandwidth by choosing a 5G network. 

Stimulating innovation 

Connecting with a wide variety of devices, such as drones and sensors, requires the use of 5G technology. It provides methods for quickening IoT adoption, enabling companies to boost output and carry out additional tasks. 

Fewer towers are congested

Congestion on 4G wireless networks makes it difficult to access crucial data and causes other issues. However, because 5G networks have higher speeds and more bandwidth, customers can avoid them. 

Drawbacks of 5G 


A little worldwide presence

5G’s main drawback is limited local availability and insufficient worldwide coverage, benefiting urban areas but not rural areas, and high installation costs.

Shorter broadcast range 

5G offers faster speeds but lacks a 4G range, and tall structures and trees can block frequencies, requiring longer and more expensive towers. Rain also interferes, requiring additional protection.

Uploading frequencies 

Mobile phone users can now ensure quick download speeds thanks to 5G technologies. The upload rates, however, are lower than 100 Mbps when compared to 4G. When using a 5G connection, mobile phones also need better battery technology. Many smartphone users assert that the use of 5G causes their devices to get hotter. 

Deteriorated battery power 

The battery life of a phone with a 5G connection will be significantly decreased. Therefore, producers must make investments in cutting-edge battery technology to protect the battery from injury and other problems. 


5G raises security concerns due to hacking, vulnerability to software, and increased bandwidth, making it crucial for businesses to invest in security operations centres to protect their infrastructure.

Early connection process without encryption

5G lacks encryption, allowing hackers to plan attacks more effectively, harming businesses. To prevent cyberattacks, network security procedures must be strengthened, and consumer education is crucial. Updated IoT devices and precautions should be taken to reduce unwelcome issues.

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